Office for Technology Commercialization

Pediatric Epicardial Pacemaker Leads

Technology #93103

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Pediatric PacemakerEpicardial Pacemaker Lead
Ernest J Molina, MD, PhD
Cardiothoracic Surgery
Managed By
Kevin Anderson
Technology Licensing Officer 612-624-8293
Patent Protection
US Patent 5,897,586

Epicardial Pacemaker Lead is Suitable for Pediatric Population

The epicardial pacemaker lead can be used in patients with previous transvenous leads and for use as a pediatric pacemaker in children who are generally not candidates for tranvenous lead placement. The lead is designed for insertion through a transxiphoid or subxiphoid incision, and then connects to the pulse generator. It contains coils and sensors configured as a loop and can be secured to the pericardium with a single suture, allowing easy removal if necessary.

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Epicardial Pacemaker Leads are Alternates to Transvenous Defibrillator Leads

Permanent epicardial pacemaker leads placed on the exterior surface of the heart are often used in children because of their small size and congenital cardiac defects limiting access to the chamber requiring pacing. Due to the dangers of open heart surgery on pediatric placement, a transvenous approach has typically been used. This method is not without complications, however, and some patients with previous transvenous leads are not eligible for further transvenous lead implantation. A need exists for an alternative lead that increases safety, decreases complications, increases patient eligibility, and is suitable for pediatric patients.


  • Suitable for patient who have had previous transvenous lead placement
  • Reduced risks of complications typically associated with transvenous pacemaker lead system, especially complications arising from having foreign bodies within the venous system
  • Delivery method and size of catheter allow for use with pediatric patients
  • Pacemaker lead can be removed easily in a minimally invasive manner