|Novel phenoxyphenyldeazaflavin compounds that sensitize cancer cells to widely used topoisomerase inhibitors.|
- Combination chemotherapy: coadministration with widely-used Top2 poisons (e.g. etoposide, teniposide, doxorubicin or daunorubicin) to sensitize cancer cells.
- Basic cancer research
Key Benefits & Differentiators
- Works with existing cancer treatments: Phenoxyphenyldeazaflavin compounds sensitize cancers cto widely used Top2 chemotherapeutics that have been in the clinic more than 50 years.
- Accesses cells while minimizing toxicity: In cell assays illustrate favorable cytotoxicity and cell permeability profiles.
- Applicable to many cancers: Works with Top2 inhibitors that are currently used to treat a wide variety of solid tumors and hematologic malignancies.
TDP2 inhibition sensitizes cancer cells toward anticancer therapies
Topoisomerase II (topo II or Top2) poisons, are a major class of drugs widely used to treat cancers including testicular cancer, lung cancer, lymphoma, leukemia, neuroblastoma and ovarian cancer. These drugs work by generating DNA damage. However, drug resistance can limit the efficacy of treatment. Human tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase II (TDP2) counteracts the effect of Top2 poisons thus repairing the damaged DNA and leading to chemotherapeutic resistance. To mitigate this form of cancer drug-resistance, Dr .Zhengqiang Wang (University of Minnesota) and Dr. Yves Pommier (National Cancer Institute) developed novel phenoxyphenyldeazaflavin compounds that effectively inhibit TDP2 in cancer cell lines. Through the inhibition of DNA damage repair machinery, these compounds functionally sensitize cancer cells toward widely-used anticancer Top2 poisons.
Demonstrated efficacy in cancer cell lines
While previous deazaflavin compounds inhibit TDP2 in biochemical assays, they have not shown strong efficacy in cancer cells. This new technology, which modifies the critical structural of the deazaflavin core, generates the first-ever compounds that demonstrate strong efficacy in cancer cell lines. Using these new compounds in conjunction with topoisomerase II inhibitors (topo II or Top2) cancer therapies inhibits TDP2, keeping topo II inhibitors effective and preventing resistance.
Phase of Development
This technology is now available for:
- Sponsored research
- ”Deazaflavin Inhibitors of Tyrosyl-DNA Phosphodiesterase 2 (TDP2) Specific for the Human Enzyme and Active against Cellular TDP2” American Chemical Society, 2016.
- ”Novel Deazaflavin Analogues Potently Inhibited Tyrosyl DNA Phosphodiesterase 2 (TDP2) and Strongly Sensitized Cancer Cells toward Treatment with Topoisomerase II (TOP2) Poison Etoposide” Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2019.